Fungi are constant companions of man. For example, Candida fungus lives in virtually every person. As long as everything is normal with the immune system, this neighborhood is not dangerous. But once a malfunction occurs in the body, the fungi begin to multiply actively, ceasing to be their “peaceful neighbors”.
Propagated by spores, the fungus is easily transmitted through the air or by contact and household routes. At the same time, the spores are very “tenacious” – they remain on clothing, bed linen, hygiene items for a long time and are ready to activate at any time.
What to do to prevent infestation by pathological microorganisms and how to cure hair fungus, so that the disease does not return again and again – we understand the symptoms, diagnosis and features of therapy. Sometimes it helps: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/fungoral.
What is fungus
A group of microorganisms that parasitize the skin and its horny layers (hair and nails), called dermatomycetes, or dermatophytes. They readily exploit keratin-containing substances.
Fungi are essentially heterotrophs, that is, they use prepared organic substances for their nutrition. Their digestion is external. This means that all the products of fungi get on human skin and mucous membranes. Forming whole colonies, they penetrate the epidermis and provoke inflammation. In this case, healthy cells die, including the hair follicle, which is often restored after successful treatment is no longer possible.
How does scalp fungus manifest itself: the most common symptoms
The cause of itching, flaking (dandruff), hair loss is very often the fungus (mycosis). The most common infestations of the scalp are:
Microsporum: cause microsporia;
Trichophyton: causes trichophytosis (ringworm);
Malassezia furfur: causes seborrhea.
Each infection will manifest itself differently, but we can highlight some of the most common warning signs – the simultaneous manifestation of two or more should alert every person:
a sudden deterioration in the overall condition of the hair: it became dry, dull, began to fall out abundantly;
Dandruff appears (which was not observed before), and / or its number increases;
Isolated, localized, flaky patches have appeared;
There are bald patches and bald patches that quickly grow;
there are wounds, crusts, bumps of unknown origin on the scalp;
hair becomes brittle at the base of the follicle, resulting in black dots on the skin.
Mycosis in its early stages is not detected, so you should be very careful, and if any symptom immediately contact a specialist. Problems of the scalp are treated by trichologists or dermatologists.